An anal fissure is an anal tear or crack, in the lining of the anal canal, a cut or tear in the anus that extends into the anal canal. Most anal fissures are less than one centimeter across, but the anus is a highly sensitive part of the body. As a result, a pain in this region can be quite severe, even with a small tear. In this article we will cover the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of anal fissures, and cover way in which they can be prevented.
If you see bright red blood on the tissue or in the toilet, that is likely due to rectal bleeding. Blood in your stool usually has what is described as a black and tarry appearance. When there is bleeding higher up in the colon or digestive system, it makes the stool look very dark. Any time you notice blood or think there might be blood in your stool, you should contact your doctor.
Many people experience light spotting from time to time due to the delicate nature of the tissues involved. You should see a doctor or other healthcare provider if you notice more than a couple of drops of light pink blood, or if you experience discomfort that lasts for more than two days. Bleeding after anal sex is often the result of too much friction, rough behavior, or cuts from fingernails.
Rectal bleeding usually refers to bleeding from the anus, rectum, or colon, all of which are the final portions of the digestive tract. In most cases, bright red blood indicates bleeding in the lower colon or rectum, while darker red blood is a sign of bleeding in the small bowel or upper colon. Very dark or black-red blood is often associated with bleeding in the stomach or other organs in the digestive system. In this article, we examine 11 causes of rectal bleeding, along with other symptoms that each one can prompt. We also look at when rectal bleeding should be referred to a doctor.